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EMF Study
(Database last updated on Aug 15, 2022)

ID Number 973
Study Type In Vitro
Model 900 MHz (GSM) exposure to human lymphocytes and analysis of growth and apoptosis

Human lymphocytes and T-Lymphoblastoid Leukemia CCRF-CEM cells were exposed to 900 MHz (GSM) RF for 24 hours at 0.0035 W/kg in a TEM cell. The authors report that exposure resulted in expression of apoptotic genes and 20% apoptosis, followed by an overall decrease in proliferation. However, a replication of this study showed an increase in the subset of surviving cells after 48 hours. The authors conclude exposure gives cancer cells a "greater survival chance, a phenomenon linked to tumor aggressiveness". The authors further report that the RayMaster protective element blocked the effects of RF.

Findings Effects
Status Completed With Publication
Principal Investigator National Research Council, Bologna, Italy
Funding Agency VERUM, Germany
Country ITALY
  • Marinelli, F et al. New Scientist, October 2002 (, (2002) :-
  • Marinelli, F et al. Biological Effects of EMFs 2nd Intl wrkshp, Rhodes Greece, (2002) :-
  • Marinelli, F et al. Journal of Cellular Physiology , (2004) 198:324-332
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