IEEE ICES Database
ElectroMagnetic Field Literature
Search Engine
IEEE ICES website

EMF Study
(Database last updated on Feb 18, 2020)

ID Number 1736
Study Type Engineering & Physics
Model Mobile phone emissions and bystander exposure in large crowds

Field strength measurements were taken outside a sports stadium in Sweden before and during a championship match (~30,000 participants attending). The measurements spanned the frequency range for NMT 450 MHz, GSM 900 and 1800 MHz, and UMTS 2 GHz as well as land mobile radio (140-175 MHz, 380-400 MHz, 410-430 MHz) and analog and digital TV and radio. The authors report measurements 30-84% higher during large crowds than when no crowds were present. The total power density at peak use was in the range of a few 100 uW/m2, which was still well below the existing ICNIRP limits.

Findings Not Applicable to Bioeffects
Status Ongoing
Start Date
End Date
Principal Investigator Chalmers Univ. Technology, Sweden - yngve@elmagn.chalmers
Funding Agency NIWL, Sweden
Country SWEDEN